Timeline of SGI efforts toward nuclear abolition (1990s)

Year Date SGI Events Nuclear-Weapon Related Developments
1991 Jul. 31 The governments of USA and USSR sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START). They sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II) on January 3, 1993. Make this a separate item: 1993 / Jan. 3 / The governments of USA and USSR sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II).
1991 The 20-volume series In Hope of Peace is completed.
1993 Mar. 24 South Africa makes public that it has abandoned its nuclear weapons, becoming the first country to abandon them after development and possession.
1995 May 11 The Non-Proliferation Treaty Review and Extension Conference concludes with agreement of the parties to extend the treaty indefinitely along with a set of Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament.
1995 Dec. 10 The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Dr. Joseph Rotblat, president of IPPNW, who participated in the Manhattan Project during World War II, and to the Pugwash Conferences.
1995 Dec. 15 The nations of Southeast Asia sign a treaty that designates an area stretching from Burma in the west, the Philippines in the east, Laos and Vietnam in the north, and Indonesia in the south, as a nuclear-weapon-free zone.
1996 Feb. 11 Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research is established to implement second Soka Gakkai President Josei Toda's vision of a world free of nuclear weapons.
1996 Apr. 11 Representatives of 43 African nations sign the Treaty of Pelindaba in Cairo, Egypt, establishing an African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone and pledging not to build, test or stockpile nuclear weapons.
1996 Jul. 8 The International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion states: "The threat or use of nuclear weapons would generally be contrary to rules of international law…"
1996 Sep. 24 The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is adopted at the General Assembly of the UN.
1998 May 28 Pakistan conducts five nuclear tests in response to India's nuclear tests earlier in the month.
1998 Oct. SGI collects 13 million signatures as part of the Abolition 2000 petition drive and presents them to the Preparatory Committee of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT PrepCom) chairperson Eugenius Wyzner during its session in Geneva, as well as to UN Deputy Secretary-General Louise Fréchette on behalf of the Secretary-General.
1999 Oct. 18 The US Senate rejects the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).

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